Downwinders

Eugene/Springfield–Downwinders is a slide presentation by Annette and Mike Rose, about 40 minutes, giving a general overview of U.S. nuclear testing, from the Marshall Islands to Nevada. Bomb making, nuclear testing, and the use of nuclear energy have exposed hundreds of thousands of people to harmful radiation and have left a legacy of waste that will remain hazardous for thousands of years. This waste presents so many problems, as it still lacks suitable disposal plans. And yet the government is refurbishing nuclear weapons and planning a new bomb plant. Where do we go from here?

Nuclear Savage: The Islands of Secret Project 4.1 is a film by Adam Jonas Horowitz (2011). It features recently declassified U.S. government documents, survivor testimony, and previously unseen archival footage. Nuclear Savage reveals one of the most troubling chapters in modern American history: how the Marshall Islanders, labeled as uncivilized, were deliberately used as human guinea pigs, with devastating results.

Between 1946 and 1958, the United States tested 67 nuclear weapons above ground on or near Bikini and Enewetok atolls. One hydrogen bomb was 1,000 times more powerful than the Hiroshima bomb, blanketing populated islands with fallout. The heavily exposed people of Rongelap were then enrolled as human subjects in the topsecret Project 4.1 to study the effects of radioactivity on human beings for nearly 30 years.

Nuclear Savage follows the islanders today as they continue to fight for justice and acknowledgement of the harms done to them. The film raises disturbing questions about racism, the U.S. government’s moral obligation to the people of the Marshall Islands, and why, decades later, the government continues to cover up the intent of the tests and Project 4.1.

Annette Rose has been a member of OLLI since 2009, when she and Mike emigrated from Utah, where she was active in planning events for International Women’s Day and Hiroshima Day. In Eugene, she has enjoyed giving presentations of their travels to OLLI and other groups.

Field Trip to the Crooked River Caldera and Lecture on Recent Research Connecting it to the Yellowstone Hotspot

/9Central Oregon–Jason McClaughry is the Eastern Oregon Regional geologist based in the Baker City field office of the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries. McClaughry serves as the Oregon coordinator for the National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program. He was the lead scientist to discover and document in 2006 a super-volcano site in Central Oregon known as the Crooked River Caldera. His recent research presents new information to address the challenge, combining regional tectonic models with chemical petrology in locating a hotspot track between the West Coast of North America and the Yellowstone caldera.

McClaughry received his MS in geology from Washington State University in 2003 and has been employed by the Oregon Department of Geology since that time. He has done extensive field geologic research and mapping.

McClaughry will lead a group of up to 18 OLLI members on a field trip to the Crooked River Caldera and specifically to geologic sites at Smith Rock State Park and Grizzly Butte. A lunch stop will be made at the top of Grizzly Butte. After the group returns to Bend, Jason will give a lecture on his recent work that connects the Crooked River Caldera to the Yellowstone hotspot.

Learn more about Jason McClaughry on his website: http://www.oregongeology.org/sub/FIELDOFFICES/profile-mcclaughry.htm

Facilitator: Fred Tanis

Preregistration is required for the field trip and will be announced via e-mail.

International Relations: Reporting Public Affairs in Age of “Fake News”

Eugene/Springfield–Dean Rea, a retired newspaper journalist and university professor, will explore the accusation that journalists are “among the most dishonest people in the world” and are fabricators of false news. He also will discuss the “watchdog” role of the press in keeping an eye on the conduct of all levels of government and will review how the traditional definition of public affairs news is being challenged in the international community.

Rea, who did his graduate study at the University of Missouri, worked as an editor, reporter, and photographer for a dozen weekly and daily newspapers in the Midwest and in Oregon, including The Hood River News, The Bulletin in Bend, and The Register- Guard in Eugene. He also taught journalism at the University of Montana, Biola University in Los Angeles County, and the University of Oregon for three decades, ending in 2008.

The Painter as Poet

Eugene/Springfield–Join member Helene-Carol Brown as she explores the world of the man who signed his works Marc Chagall.

Born Moishe Shagal, he was the eldest of nine children, in Vitebsk, Belarus, a satellite country of Russia. His father was a struggling herring merchant and his mother ran a small grocery store out of their crowded house. Both parents were devout Jews in a land that sanctioned only Russian Orthodoxy. His mother bribed the local high school principal with her life savings so that her son could further his education in a school Jews were not permitted to attend.

At sixteen 16, he borrowed a passport to go to St. Petersburg, where there was a sophisticated art school. Unimpressed with traditional art methods, he traveled by train to Paris. There he met Picasso, Braque, and Leger and explored cubism. He met Robert and Sonia Delaunay and explored orphism. He met Matisse and fell in love with fauvism.

Becoming successful as an artist, he returned to Russia where he could marry his devoted fiancée, Bella Rosenfeld. She became a part of everything he painted. They returned to France after the Russian Revolution turned unpredictable in the 1920s. Rejecting the popular trend to abstract art, he developed a lyrical style of painting where chickens and goats often played the violin and people floated through the air. He combined the themes of nature, love, and his biblical faith in one startlingly poetic canvas after another. For the rest of his life he continued to create magical scenes in paint and stained glass around the world.

Dividing Household Labor: Men, Women, and Money in Japan

Eugene/Springfield–People worry these days about the way our traditional household tasks have been assigned by gender; some things are women’s tasks, others are for men. In Japan, this division has been even sharper—but their assignment of tasks is quite different from ours. What does this imply about who was supposed to do what in the home and outside the home? Oregon Humanities Center Dissertation Fellow, Hillary Maxson has studied women’s magazines written for Japanese housewives over the years. Come and discover what women were told they should, how that has changed, and how it compares with what we were taught.

International Relations: Myanmar—From Reclusive Military State to the Last Economic Frontier in Asia

Eugene/Springfield–Howard Schuman takes a look at the newly emerging country of Myanmar (Burma) and explains why it has two names, what’s contributing to the changes in its political and economic landscape, the role of Aung Sang Suu Kyi, and more.

Schuman made seven trips to Myanmar from 2014–16 while working as a consultant to its Central Bank.

Armchair Traveler: Portugal, the Azores, and Madeira

Central Oregon–Join OLLI-UO member Larry Weinberg for a presentation on his 2016 hiking trip to Portugal, the Azores, and Madeira. Located on the western side of the Iberian Peninsula, the relatively small country of Portugal had a major impact on the European discovery of the so-called New World.

Portuguese sailors and navigators traversed the oceans of the world in ships that most of us would not get on board to cross a lake! In the process, they discovered the islands that constitute the Azores and Madeira. This was a true discovery because the islands were uninhabited and are located in the Atlantic Ocean, quite a ways off of the coast of North Africa. Both island chains are volcanic and subtropical. Several of the hikes on Madeira felt like hikes in our own Cascades near Bend. Flowers abound on the islands as well as in Portugal itself, and many gardens can be found throughout the region. Larry’s travels took him from the shores of the Atlantic to the highest point on Madeira. The trip was sponsored by the Central Oregon Nordic Club. Now Weinberg gives members an opportunity to see sights that most people don’t have an opportunity to visit.

Larry Weinberg retired to Bend in 2005 and has since been involved with OLLI-UO. He also volunteers with the Deschutes Land Trust, and is currently teaching mathematics at the new OSU-Cascades campus in Bend at an almost half-time position. “So much for retirement!” says Larry.

Members are encouraged to bring guests to this presentation; preregistration is not required.

Let’s Celebrate Nature

Central Oregon–Local author and nature enthusiast LeeAnn Kriegh will inspire us to plan some spring hikes with a lively talk about native plants and animals. Drawing from her book, The Nature of Bend, Kriegh discusses common and interesting birds, mammals, wildflowers, and more—tells us exactly where to go to find them. She will lead a hike for OLLI in May.

Kriegh, a native Oregonian, has been a professional writer for more than 20 years. After earning her master’s degree in English, she was a freelance journalist for a variety of magazines and newspapers, including The Oregonian. She then started her own writing and editing business through which she works for clients including Intel, Google, and Microsoft. The Nature of Bend is her first book.

Early Oregon Plate Tectonics and Paleoclimates

Dr. Ellen Morris Bishop comes to the UO Bend Center to give two presentations for OLLI. Her first lecture describes the history of Oregon’s paleoclimate from warm shallow seas during the Devonian period in the Paleozoic Era to the more recent cooler conditions in the Cenozoic Era.

Her second lecture describes subduction zone tectonics and continental plate accretions during the Paleozoic and Mesozoic Eras that created the terranes of the Blue and Klamath mountain ranges.

Bishop received her PhD in geology from OSU. She has taught geology at several universities. Her recent book, Searching for Ancient Oregon (Timber Press, 2003), provides a rich description of Oregon’s complex geologic past. Ellen is an excellent photographer whose books are filled with images of geologic sites throughout our state.

Other interesting books by written by Bishop include:

Living with Thunder: Exploring the Geologic Past, Present, and Future of Pacific Northwest Landscapes, OSU University Press, November 2014.

Hiking Oregon’s Geology, second edition, The Mountaineers Books, 2004

More about Ellen Bishop can be learned by exploring her website: http://www.ellenmorrisbishop.com/home.html

Bishop’s sessions are made possible by funds from the Osher Capacity Building Grant.

Understanding Rock Music

Eugene/Springfield–If, as conventional wisdom would have it, rock songs are just the same three chords over and over again, how has it kept our rapt attention for the better part of a century?

In this presentation, UO Assistant Professor of Music Theory, Drew Nobile will show that which chords you use is far less important than where you put them. Rock songs throughout history organize their chord progressions in one of a few conventional patterns. The most powerful songs play with these conventions to thwart our expectations and keep us on our toes. We will listen to classic songs from the ‘60s to ‘90s and see how they expertly hit the sweet spot between conventionality and novelty.

Nobile specializes in the analysis of classic rock music. His current research project is a book titled Form as Harmony in Rock Music, which makes the case that across genres, decades, and continents, pop and rock songwriters tend to return again and again to a small number of conventional song types. These normative song types are classified based on two aspects: 1) the arrangement of sections such as verses and choruses (form), and 2) the large-scale trajectory of the chord progression (harmony).

The project argues that the interaction between form and harmony is a fundamental feature of any rock song, affecting not only its compositional structure but also the layout of the lyrics and the song’s effect on the audience.